My research interests have broadened over the years and now span topics that range from international and cross-cultural management to the international research process and the wider impact of academic research.

To keep things manageable, I tend to subdivide my research work into the following programmes. The boundaries between them are not rigid; much of the work I do extends over several areas.

International HRM & Staffing Policies Focuses on several aspects relating to the human dimension of international business. Specific areas of interests are expatriates as control mechanisms in MNCs, expatriate failure, staffing policies and the role of expatriates in knowledge transfer in MNCs.
HQ-Subsidiary Relationships in MNCs Investigates various aspects of strategy, structure, and control mechanisms in MNCs. Specific areas of interest include country-of-origin effects, entry modes, and MNC and subsidiary typologies.
The International Research Process Reviews research process issues in international research, often critically evaluating received wisdom. Projects have focused on academic referencing, international mail surveys, translation issues, stability of cultural dimensions, and the role of cultural distance in international research.
Transfer of HRM Practices in MNCs Researches one of the central questions in the literature on MNCs: the extent to which their subsidiaries act and behave as local firms (local isomorphism) versus the extent to which their practices resemble those of the parent company or some other global standard (internal consistency).
Language in International Business Explores the importance of language barriers in international business and its implications for the management of MNCs. Aims to integrate the fields of international management, socio-linguistics and cross-cultural training and communication.
Quality and Impact of Academic Research A critical assessment of the quality and impact of academic research and academic journals, as well as the role of editors and editorial boards in the publishing process. Includes large-scale assessments of citation-based impact metrics based, the use of Google Scholar, and bibliometrics for the Social Sciences.

The volume "Grands Auteurs en Management International" devotes an entire chapter to my contributions to the field of International Business. I am the youngest academic featured in the volume, which also includes prominent IB researchers such as John Dunning, Peter Buckley, Christopher Bartlett, CK Prahalad, Sumantra Ghoshal, Geert Hofstede, and Edward Hall.

Selected recent publications

Below is a small selection of my recent publications. For a full list (more than 160 books, book chapters and academic papers), see Full list of publications.

  1. Zhang, L.E.; Harzing, A.W.; Fan, S.X. (2017) Managing Expatriates in China: A Language and Identity Perspective, London: Palgrave. More about this book...
  2. Tenzer, H.; Terjesen, S.; Harzing, A.W. (2017) Language in International Business: A review and agenda for future research, Management International Review, vol. 57, no. 6, 815-854. Available online... - Publisher's version (free access!) - Presentation slides
  3. Fan, S.X.; Cregan, C.; Harzing, A.W.; Kӧhler, T. (2017) The benefits of being understood: The role of ethnic identity confirmation in expatriate-local employee interactions, Human Resource Management, DOI: 10.1002/hrm.21839. Available online... - Publisher's version
  4. Harzing, A.W.; Alakangas, S. (2017) Microsoft Academic is one year old: the Phoenix is ready to leave the nest, Scientometrics, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. 1887-1894. Available online... - Publisher's version (read for free)
  5. Fan, S.X.; Harzing, A.W. (2017) Host country employees' ethnic identity confirmation: Evidence from interactions with ethnically similar expatriatesJournal of World Business, vol. 52, no. 5, 640-652. Available online... - Publisher's version (free access!)
  6. Martin-Martin, A.; Orduna-Malea, E; Harzing, A.W.; Delgado López-Cózar, E. (2017) Can we use Google Scholar to identify highly-cited documents?,  Journal of Informetrics, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 152-163. Available online... - Publisher's version
  7. Harzing, A.W.; Alakangas, S. (2017) Microsoft Academic: Is the Phoenix getting wings?Scientometrics, vol. 110, no. 1, pp. 371-383. Available online... - Publisher's version (read for free) - Press coverage in Scientific American and Nature
  8. Harzing, A.W. (2016) What, who or where? Rejoinder to identifying research topic development in Business and Management education research using legitimation code theory, Journal of Management Education, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 726-731. Available online... - Publisher's version
  9. Metz, I.; Harzing, A.W.; Zyphur, M. (2016) Of journal editors and editorial boards: Who are the trailblazers in increasing editorial board gender equality?, British Journal of Management, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 712-726. [Also incorporated into a virtual issue on Gender in Management ResearchAvailable online... - Publisher's version
  10. Harzing, A.W. (2016) The Publish or Perish tutorial: 80 easy tips to get the best out of the Publish or Perish software, London: Tarma Software Research. US$14.95 - Available from Amazon Amazon as a black & white paperback and Kindle. More about this book...
  11. Zhang, L.E.; Harzing, A.W. (2016) From Dilemmatic Struggle to Legitimized Indifference: Expatriates’ host country language learning and its impact on the expatriate-HCE relationship, Journal of World Business, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 774-786. Available online... - Publisher's version (free access!)
  12. Harzing, A.W. (2016) Why replication studies are essential: learning from failure and success, Cross Cultural & Strategic Management, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 563-568. Available online... - Publisher's version
  13. Harzing, A.W. (2016) Microsoft Academic (Search): a Phoenix arisen from the ashes?, Scientometrics, vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 1637-1647. Available online... - Publisher's version (read for free)
  14. Harzing, A.W.; Pudelko, M.; Reiche B.S. (2016) The bridging role of expatriates and inpatriates in knowledge transfer in multinational corporationsHuman Resource Management, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 679–695. Available online... - Publisher's version (free access!) - ESI top 1% most Highly Cited Paper
  15. Harzing, A.W.; Adler N.J. (2016) Disseminating knowledge: From potential to reality – New open-access journals collide with convention, Academy of Management Learning & Education, vol 15, no. 1, pp. 140-156. Available online... - Publisher's version
  16. Harzing, A.W.; Pudelko, M. (2016) Do we need to distance ourselves from the distance concept? Why home and host country context might matter more than (cultural) distance, Management International Review, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 1-34. Available online... - Publisher's version (free access!) - ESI top 1% most Highly Cited Paper
  17. Harzing, A.W.; Alakangas, S. (2016) Google Scholar, Scopus and the Web of Science: A longitudinal and cross-disciplinary comparison, Scientometrics, vol. 106, no. 2, pp. 787-804. Available online... - Publisher's version (read for free) - Presentation slides - Video presentation of this article - ESI top 1% most Highly Cited Paper - ESI hot paper
  18. Harzing, A.W. (2015) Health warning: Might contain multiple personalities. The problem of homonyms in Thomson Reuters Essential Science Indicators, Scientometrics, vol. 105, no. 3, pp. 2259-2270. Available online... - Publisher's version (read for free) - [Press coverage in The Times and the Times Higher Education].
  19. Reiche B.S.; Harzing, A.W.; Pudelko, M. (2015) Why and how does shared language affect subsidiary knowledge inflows? A social identity perspective, Journal of International Business Studies, vol. 46, no.5, pp. 528-551. Available online... - Publisher's version (free access!) [Also incorporated in a JIBS collection on Language and selected as one of 9 articles reprinted in Language in International Business. Developing a Field.]
  20. Harzing, A.W.; Mijnhardt, W. (2015) Proof over promise: Towards a more inclusive ranking of Dutch academics in Economics & Business, Scientometrics, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 727-749. Available online... - Publisher's version (read for free)
  21. Harzing, A.W.; Alakangas, S.; Adams, D. (2014) hIa: An individual annual h-index to accommodate disciplinary and career length differences, Scientometrics, vol. 99, no. 3, pp. 811-821. Available online... - Publisher's version (read for free)
  22. Tenzer, H.; Pudelko, M.; Harzing, A.W. (2014) The impact of language barriers on trust formation in multinational teams, Journal of International Business Studies, vol 45, no. 5, pp. 508-535. Available online... - Publisher's version [Also incorporated in a JIBS collection on Language] - ESI top 1% most Highly Cited Paper
  23. Harzing, A.W. (2014) A longitudinal study of Google Scholar coverage between 2012 and 2013, Scientometrics, vol. 98, no. 1, pp. 565-575. Available online... - Publisher's version (read for free) - ESI top 1% most Highly Cited Paper
  24. Harzing, A.W.; Pudelko, M. (2014) Hablas vielleicht un peu la mia language? A comprehensive overview of the role of language differences in headquarters-subsidiary communication, International Journal of Human Resource Management, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 696–717. Available online... - Publisher's version (free access!)
  25. Harzing, A.W.; Giroud, A.L.A. (2014) The competitive advantage of nations: An application to academia, Journal of Informetrics, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 29-42. Available online...
  26. Harzing, A.W.; Metz, I. (2013) Practicing what we preach: The geographic diversity of editorial boards, Management International Review, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 169-187. Available online... - Publisher's version (read for free)
  27. Harzing, A.W. (2013) A preliminary test of Google Scholar as a source for citation data: A longitudinal study of Nobel Prize winners, Scientometrics, vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 1057-1075. Available online... - Publisher's version (read for free) - ESI top 1% most Highly Cited Paper
  28. Harzing, A.W.; Reiche B.S.; Pudelko, M. (2013) Challenges in international survey research: A review with illustrations and suggested solutions for best practice, European Journal of International Management, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 112-134. Available online... - Publisher's version (free access!)
  29. Harzing, A.W. (2013) Document categories in the ISI Web of Knowledge: Misunderstanding the Social Sciences?, Scientometrics, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 23-34. Available online... - Publisher's version (read for free)
  30. Harzing, A.W.; Pudelko, M. (2013) Language competencies, policies and practices in multinational corporations: A comprehensive review and comparison of Anglophone, Asian, Continental European and Nordic MNCs, Journal of World Business, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 87-97. Available online...
  31. Harzing, A.W.; Brown, M.; Köster, K., Zhao, S. (2012) Response style differences in cross-national research: dispositional and situational determinants, Management International Review, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 341-363. Available online... - Publisher's version (read for free)
  32. Harzing, A.W.; Köster, K.; Magner, U. (2011) Babel in Business: The language barrier and its solutions in the HQ-subsidiary relationship, Journal of World Business, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 279-287. Available online...
  33. Reiche B.S.; Kraimer, M.L.; Harzing, A.W. (2011) Why do international assignees stay? An organizational embeddedness perspective, Journal of International Business Studies, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 521-544. Available online...
  34. Akkermans, D.; Harzing, A.W.; Witteloostuijn, A. van (2010) Cultural accommodation and language priming. Competitive versus cooperative behavior in a prisoner’s dilemma game, Management International Review, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 559-584. Available online... - Publisher's version (read for free)