Action Intent: Getting closer to leadership behavior in 22 countries
New book chapter on how "close-to-action" leadership scenarios can be used to study leadership across cultures
I have been working with Lena Zander and Audra Mockaitis since the early 2000s and we have published a number of articles together, discussed in this blogpost: Language effects in international mail surveys. Today I am happy to announce a new book chapter based on our large-scale cross-national data collection of leadership behaviours through the use of leadership scenarios.
- Lena Zander, Audra I. Mockaitis, and Anne-Wil Harzing (2020) Action Intent: Getting closer to leadership behavior in 22 countries, in Zander, L. (Ed.) Research Handbook of Global Leadership: Making a difference, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 54-75. Available online... - Related blogpost
[with country co-investigators Wilhelm Barner-Rasmussen, Cordula Barzantny, Anabella Davila, Joyce De Leon, Alvaro Espejo, Rita Ferreira, Axele Giroud, Kathrin Koester, Yung-Kuei Liang, Michael J Morley, Barbara Myloni, Joseph O. T. Odusanya, Sharon Leiba O'Sullivan, Ananda Kumar Palaniappan, Paulo Prochno, Srabani Roy Choudhury, Ayse Saka-Helmhout, Sununta Siengthai, and Ayda Uzuncarsili Soydas]
The field of cross-cultural leadership has seen a boom in empirical research over the last few decades, yet we know very little about actual leadership behavior. Extant research has provided knowledge and awareness about differences and similarities in leadership attitudes, ideals, perceptions and preferences across countries and cultures. Managers’ sources of guidance and handling of events have also been studied, but to predict leadership behavior remains difficult.
In this chapter, we propose leader’s ‘action intent’ as a ‘close-to-action’ concept in contrast to the more ‘far-from-action’ concepts used in earlier leadership research. Findings from 1,868 leaders in 22 countries are presented and discussed. The respondents have ranked their preferred action alternatives for each of six leadership scenarios. For a ‘close-to-action’ concept it is important to provide contextual and situational details, which is done in the scenarios and action alternatives used in our study.
We observed both intra-country and inter-country variation in leaders’ action choices when comparing across countries. The inter-country differences in action intent were significantly correlated with the culturally endorsed GLOBE leadership dimensions, supporting implicit leadership theory. Our findings demonstrate the usefulness of leadership scenarios in large-scale multi-country research and help shape a more fine-grained understanding of how leaders from different national cultures are likely to behave in common and salient leadership situations. And although there are no simple answers as to how to predict leadership behavior, we posit that using ‘action intent’ as a leadership measure will have positive implications for global leadership.
- Challenges in International survey research: illustrations and solutions
- Language effects in international mail surveys
- What if fully agree doesn't mean the same thing across cultures?
- Should we distance ourselves from the cultural distance concept?
- Experimental research in international management
Journal of International Business Studies articles on methodological issues [From the AIB SIG Research Methods website: https://rmsig.aib.world/resources-2/jibs-methods-editorials/]
- Beyond categorization: New directions for theory development about entrepreneurial internationalization
- Restriction of variance interaction effects and their importance for international business research
- Explaining theoretical relationships in international business research: Focusing on the arrows, NOT the boxes
- From a distance and generalizable to up close and grounded: Reclaiming a place for qualitative methods in international business research
Copyright © 2021 Anne-Wil Harzing. All rights reserved. Page last modified on Sun 8 Aug 2021 08:01
Anne-Wil Harzing is Professor of International Management at Middlesex University, London and visiting professor of International Management at Tilburg University. She is a Fellow of the Academy of International Business, a select group of distinguished AIB members who are recognized for their outstanding contributions to the scholarly development of the field of international business. In addition to her academic duties, she also maintains the Journal Quality List and is the driving force behind the popular Publish or Perish software program.